Who says we have to suffer...to live a healthy happy vibrant life?

Red wine and dark chocolate... might seem decadent...but these guilty pleasures also might help us live longer...and healthier lives. Red wine and dark chocolate definitely improve an evening..but they also contain resveratrol..which lowers blood sugar. Red wine is a great source of catechins..which boost protective HDL cholesterol. Green tea? Protects your brain..helps you live longer..and soothes your spirit.

Food for Thought, the blog, is about living the good life...a life we create with our thoughts and our choices...and having fun the whole while!

I say lets make the thoughts good ones..and let the choices be healthy...exciting...and delicious! Bon Appetit!

Monday, April 1, 2013

Vitamin D deficiency increases risk of type 2 Diabetes.

This study investigated whether baseline vitamin D level is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in high-risk subjects for up to 5 years of follow-up, independently of obesity, baseline insulin resistance, and β cell function. Participants were 1080 nondiabetic Korean subjects based on the presence of one or more risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and/or family history of type 2 diabetes. Of the participants, 10.5% had a serum vitamin D deficiency (<10 ng/mL), 51.6% had an insufficiency (10.0-19.9 ng/mL), and 38.0% had a sufficiency (≥20 ng/mL), and the incidence of type 2 diabetes at 32.3 months declined accordingly: 15.9%, 10.2%, and 5.4%, respectively. After adjustment for age, sex, blood pressure, lifestyles, family history, season, parathyroid hormone, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, the participants with vitamin D deficiency had an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (106% increase for vitamin D levels 10-19.9 ng/mL compared with ≥20 ng/mL and 223% for vitamin D level <10 ng/mL compared with ≥20 ng/mL) independently of BMI, HOMA2-IR, and insulinogenic index. The authors conclude "The current prospective study suggests that vitamin D metabolism may play a role in type 2 diabetes pathogenesis independently of known risk factors".

Lim S, Kim MJ, Choi SH, Shin CS, Park KS, Jang HC, Billings LK, Meigs JB. Association of vitamin D deficiency with incidence of type 2 diabetes in high-risk Asian subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Mar;97(3):524-30.

Omega-3 promotes weight loss.

 This study investigated whether supplementation with omega-3 alone, then consumed together with a very low calorie diet (VLED), facilitated weight loss, improvements in blood lipids and positive changes to inflammatory mediators. For 4 weeks of prior supplementation, one group consumed 6 × 1 g capsules per day monounsaturated oil (placebo), the other group consumed 6 × 1 g capsules per day of fish oil each comprising 70 mg EPA and 270 mg DHA, while consuming their usual diet. Each group continued with their supplements for another 4 weeks while both groups followed a VLED regimen. At 4 weeks levels of EPA and DHA doubled in the fish oil group, with no significant changes to anthropometric measurements for either group. At 8 weeks a significant reduction in weight and BMI with a greater percentage decrease for females was seen in the fish oil group compared to placebo.

Note that the dose of 2040mg combined EPA/DHA is not achievable through diet. You'll need a high quality supplement.

Munro IA, Garg ML. Prior supplementation with long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids promotes weight loss in obese adults: a double-blinded randomised controlled trial. Food Funct. 2013 Apr 25;4(4):650-8.